Submitted: 16 Jun 2020
Accepted: 16 Jun 2020
ePublished: 21 Jun 2020
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Depiction of Health. 2020;11(2): 137-148.
  Abstract View: 100
  PDF Download: 45

Community Involvement and Intersectoral Collaboration in Health Care System

Original Article

Psychometric Properties of Persian Version of “Patient Willingness to Ask Safety Questions Survey” in Iranian Hospitals

Mohammad Ranjbar 1 ORCID logo, Ali jannati 2 ORCID logo, Mohammad Amin Bahrami 3 ORCID logo, Tohid jafari koshki 4 ORCID logo, Zahra Chegini 5 ORCID logo, Fahimeh asbaghi 6* ORCID logo

1 Health Policy & Management Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, school of public health, Yazd, Iran
2 Department of Health Service Management, Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management (ICEHM), School of Health Services Management and Medical Informatics, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Healthcare Management, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran / Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management & Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4 Molecular Medicine Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran / Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
6 Department of Health Service Management, Faculty of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran


Background and Objectives: Patient safety is one of the key elements of health care organization in improving the quality of care. Involving patients in improving patient safety is the recent World Health Organization’ approach. Patient participation can reduce medical errors and increase patient safety. There is not any valid and reliable Persian questionnaire to assess patient participation in safe car. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the questionnaire: “Patient Willingness to Ask Safety Questions Survey (PWASQS)”.Material and Methods: In this study, 30 patients participated. The PWASQS’ questionnaire consisted of nine dimensions and 41 questions that were scored on a five-point Likert scale. The questionnaire questions indicated the patients' willingness to ask any questions related to their safety from the physicians and the nurses. Content Validity Ratio (CVR) and Content Validity Index (CVI) were used to evaluate the content validity and its internal reliability was determined using Cronbach's alpha coefficient.Results: In the present study, the total CVR of the questionnaire was 0.89, which varied from 0.79 to 0.95 for different dimensions, and the CVI was 0.94 for different dimensions ranged from 0.89 to 1. Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the whole questionnaire was 0.7 9which for each of the dimensions ranged from 0.7 to 0.96, indicating appropriate reliability of the questions.Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the translated version of the PWASQS questionnaire has a relatively acceptable reliability and validity can be used to measure patients' willingness to improve patient safety.
Keywords: Reliability, Validity, Willingness, Patient Participation, Patient Safety, Questionnaire
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