Submitted: 12 Jul 2018
Accepted: 25 Feb 2019
ePublished: 21 Sep 2019
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Depiction of Health. 2019;10(2): 93-100.
  Abstract View: 399
  PDF Download: 163

Epidemiology and the Burden of Diseases in Health Care System


The Evaluation of Hypertension Control in Patients with Hypertension and Concomitant Cardiovascular Disease

Taher Entezari Maleki 1*, Haleh Rezaei 1, Hadi Hamishehkar 1, Afshin Gharekhani 1, Saba Ghaffari 1, Elnaz Shaseb 1, Behjat Pouriman 1

1 Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Background and Objectives: Hypertension is one of the main risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and associated with mortality and morbidity all over the world. This study was designed to evaluate the rate of blood pressure (BP) control and its associated risk factors in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional prospective study was conducted for a ten-month period in patients with hypertension and concomitant cardiovascular disease. The BP of participants was measured by the cardiologist. Demographic information, drug and medical history, lab data, smoking, use of opium or alcohol or amphetamine were recorded in a data collecting form. The Spearman and logistic regression analysis were performed to access the association of study risk factors and control of hypertension. Results: Totally, 314 patients were entered to the study. The mean age of patients was 62.7±12.2. 139 (44.3%) of the patients were female and 175 (55.7%) were males. The mean systolic BP of patients was 131.6 ± 2 and diastolic BP was 78.3 ± 12.9 mmHg. Approximately, half of patients had an uncontrolled BP (n=114, 45.9%). The most common drug regimen is associated with dual therapy in 152 cases (48.4%). The ACEI/ARBs and beta-blockers were the most commonly used drugs. There were significant association between not-controlling BP and age (r=0.29, p=0.022) and diabetes (r=0.273, p=0.024). Conclusion: The results showed that BP in about half of patients was not in goal and this observation was seen more commonly in older and diabetic patients. This study raises the concern about the control of hypertension among health care providers and patients.
Keywords: Diabetes, Hypertension, Risk Factors, Age
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