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Submitted: 06 Jun 2020
Revision: 01 Aug 2020
Accepted: 03 Aug 2020
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  Abstract View: 37

Environmental/Occupational Health

Research

Adsorption of Phenol in Wastewater using Nano Grapheme Oxide-Chitosan-Bentonite Absorbent

Alireza Jadid ORCID logo, Shadab Shahsavari* ORCID logo, Aliakbar Seifkordi ORCID logo, Ali Vaziri Yazdi ORCID logo

Abstract

Background and Aims: Contamination of surface and groundwater sources with aromatic compounds such as phenolic compounds is one of the newest environmental problems that humans encountered it today. One of the ways to removing these pollutants is the use of polymeric adsorbents. In this study, chitosan-bentonite-nano-graphene oxide nanosorbent was synthesized to investigate the phenol adsorption. Materials and Methods: In this research, experimental design was performed using Design-Expert 7.0 software to investigating the effect of independent variables including nano graphene oxide, chitosan and bentonite on the dependent variable (phenol removal rate). Moreover, phenol absorption isotherm, kinetics and thermodynamics were also examined. Results: Finally, the optimum formulation of nano-adsorbent with specifications of 0.1 g of chitosan, 0.18 g of bentonite and 0.07 g of nano-graphene oxide was investigated. Optimal adsorption conditions was also obtained at a concentration of 100 ppm, pH=5 and 45 minutes of absorption time. Discussion and Conclusion: Finally, it was found that the synthesized nanosorbent follows the Langmuir isotherm, which represents physical adsorption, and also the kinetics of the adsorption process is the diffusion between particles. Based on the temperature study, the stability of the nanofibers was determined up to 400 °C.
Keywords: Chitosan, Bentonite, Nano Graphene Oxide, Phenol, Waste-Water Treatment
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